Plant Collections

Ironbark Garden

The Ironbark has been immortalised in Australian art and literature due to its dark and sombre bark and contrasting silver/grey foliage. The characteristic blackened trunks are the feature of this garden, juxtaposing the grey tones of the foliage of the shrub understory.

Best Viewed

  • Winter, Spring, Summer, Autumn

Plant Census


Key Plants

Eucalyptus sideroxylon subsp. rosea, Red Ironbark. The bark of this tree is deep brown to black, hard, and furrowed, which is typical of Ironbark’s. This particular form has red flowers. It’s a medium to large tree not suited to small gardens.

Acacia cardiophylla, Wyalong Wattle. A shrub or small tree to 5m with grey foliage and masses of bright yellow flowers in winter.

Homoranthus flavescens. An interesting architectural plant with blue-grey foliage borne on layered horizontal branches and yellow flowers in spring and summer

Curator Notes

Grey foliage colours are often difficult to plant in the landscape and this garden displays an array of shades and foliage forms. The short side path allows the visitor to get more up close and personal with the variety of shrubs.


1960s The land, owned by the Commonwealth Government, was transferred to the Victorian Government and purchased for the establishment of a botanic garden of Australian flora. With subsequent purchases and donations, the total site grew to its current 363 hectares.

1990s Resources became available to create the garden that had been envisioned. Planning began in 1994 The landscape architects Taylor & Cullity (now Taylor Cullity Lethlean) were selected to design the Australian Garden.

2006 Stage one of the Australian Garden opened to visitors on 28 May 2006. Sited on what once was an ancient gathering place and ancestral home of the Mayone-Bulluk clan of the Boonerwurrung people, the Australian Garden now offers a new experience to those people who visit there and is a place where visitors can immerse themselves in a contemporary journey into Australian flora, landscapes, art and architecture.

2012 Australian Garden now complete and open to the public.